Nobel Prize-winning economist Richard Thaler explains how “Nudge” has changed the world. Plus: squirrel-inspired robots!
Additional resources from Richard Thaler:
Pick up “Nudge: The Final Edition” at your local bookstore: https://www.indiebound.org/book/9780143137009
Faculty page: https://www.chicagobooth.edu/faculty/directory/t/richard-h-thaler
Follow @R_Thaler on Twitter: https://twitter.com/r_thaler
Nobel Prize page: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/economic-sciences/2017/thaler/facts/
Scientists are studying parkour-ing squirrels to make better robots by Cameron Duke
Hunt, N. H., Jinn, J., Jacobs, L. F., & Full, R. J. (2021). Acrobatic squirrels learn to leap and land on tree branches without falling. Science, 373(6555), 697–700. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abe5753
Leaping squirrels! Parkour is one of their many feats of agility. (2021, August 5). EurekAlert! https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/923924
Nicoletta Lanese. (2021, August 5). (VIDEO) Watch squirrels perform parkour-like stunts for peanuts. Livescience.com; Live Science. https://www.livescience.com/squirrels-doing-parkour-study.html
Mark Rober video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hFZFjoX2cGg
Follow Curiosity Daily on your favorite podcast app to learn something new every day withCody Gough andAshley Hamer. Still curious? Get exclusive science shows, nature documentaries, and more real-life entertainment on discovery+! Go to https://discoveryplus.com/curiosity to start your 7-day free trial. discovery+ is currently only available for US subscribers.
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Learn about non-human animals that say hello and goodbye; life on Snowball Earth; and how to learn skills twice as fast.
Apes use their own form of hello and goodbye, the first time we’ve seen that in non-human animals by Steffie Drucker
Heesen, R., Bangerter, A., Zuberbühler, K., Iglesias, K., Neumann, C., Pajot, A., Perrenoud, L., Guéry, J.-P., Rossano, F., & Genty, E. (2021). Assessing joint commitment as a process in great apes. IScience, 102872. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2021.102872
Like humans, apes communicate to start and end social interactions. (2021, August 11). EurekAlert! https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/924594
Schultz, I. (2021, August 11). Bonobos Appear to Say “Hello” and “Goodbye” to Each Other. Gizmodo; Gizmodo. https://gizmodo.com/bonobos-appear-to-say-hello-and-goodbye-to-each-other-1847464864
Conor Feehly. (2021). Apes Have Been Observed Starting And Ending Interactions Just Like Humans Do. ScienceAlert. https://www.sciencealert.com/apes-observed-using-purposeful-signals-to-start-and-end-interactions
Life survived on “Snowball Earth” despite the ice; a new study says Earth’s orbit explains why by Briana Brownell
Changes in Earth’s orbit enabled the emergence of complex life. (2021). EurekAlert! https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-07/uos-cie070721.php
Mitchell, R. N., Gernon, T. M., Cox, G. M., Nordsvan, A. R., Kirscher, U., Xuan, C., Liu, Y., Liu, X., & He, X. (2021). Orbital forcing of ice sheets during snowball Earth. Nature Communications, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-24439-4
Buis, NASA’s, A. (2021, February 24). Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles and Their Role in Earth’s Climate. Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet. https://climate.nasa.gov/news/2948/milankovitch-orbital-cycles-and-their-role-in-earths-climate/
Scientists Found a Technique That Can Help You Learn Skills Twice as Fast by Joanie Faletto first aired April 26, 2018 https://omny.fm/shows/curiosity-daily/freezer-burn-science-a-giant-flying-reptile-and-ho
Learn how to tap into your “gut feeling,” which knows more than you think it does; and why Earth’s core is growing lopsided.
You do have a “gut feeling” — and it knows more than you think by Cameron Duke
Annie Murphy Paul. (2021, July 29). Interoception: how to improve your “gut feeling.” Big Think; Big Think. https://bigthink.com/personal-growth/interoception-how-to-improve-your-gut-feeling
Armstrong, K. (2019). Interoception: How We Understand Our Body’s Inner Sensations. APS Observer, 32(8). https://www.psychologicalscience.org/observer/interoception-how-we-understand-our-bodys-inner-sensations
Lewicki, P., Czyzewska, M., & Hoffman, H. (1987). Unconscious acquisition of complex procedural knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 13(4), 523–530. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-7322.214.171.1243
Ceunen, E., Vlaeyen, J. W. S., & Van Diest, I. (2016). On the Origin of Interoception. Frontiers in Psychology, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00743
Plans, D. (2019, February 5). We’ve Lost Touch with Our Bodies. Scientific American Blog Network. https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/weve-lost-touch-with-our-bodies/
Price, C. J., & Hooven, C. (2018). Interoceptive Awareness Skills for Emotion Regulation: Theory and Approach of Mindful Awareness in Body-Oriented Therapy (MABT). Frontiers in Psychology, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00798
Craig, A. D. (2009). How do you feel — now? The anterior insula and human awareness. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10(1), 59–70. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn2555
Earth’s core is growing lopsided by Grant Currin
Cottier, C. (2021). Earth’s Inner Core Is Growing Lopsided. Discover Magazine; Discover Magazine. https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/earths-inner-core-is-growing-lopsided
Frost, D. A., Lasbleis, M., Chandler, B., & Romanowicz, B. (2021). Dynamic history of the inner core constrained by seismic anisotropy. Nature Geoscience, 14(7), 531–535. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-021-00761-w
Is Earth’s core lopsided? Strange goings-on in our planet’s interior. (2021, June 3). Phys.org. https://phys.org/news/2021-06-earth-core-lopsided-strange-goings-on.html
Ling, T. (2021, June 4). Scientists have measured how Earth’s core grows (and found something really strange). BBC Science Focus Magazine; BBC Science Focus Magazine. https://www.sciencefocus.com/planet-earth/earth-core-asymmetric-growth/
BONUS: Cohen, R. (2020, January 23). The Silurian Hypothesis. The Paris Review. https://www.theparisreview.org/blog/2020/01/23/the-silurian-hypothesis/
Learn about why children write letters backward; how dogs know when you’re lying to them; and mountains on neutron stars.
Children write letters backward because they haven’t unlearned the rules of reality by Steffie Drucker
Sigman, M. (2017, August 8). The fascinating reason that children write letters backwards. Ideas.ted.com. https://ideas.ted.com/the-fascinating-reason-that-children-write-letters-backwards/
Vox. (2020). Why kids write letters backward [YouTube Video]. In YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1iYSsFqVG4
Why Do Young Children Write Letters Backward? (2016). Wonderopolis.org. https://wonderopolis.org/wonder/Why-Do-Young-Children-Write-Letters-Backward
Dogs know when you are lying to them by Cameron Duke
Riddle, T. (2012, July 24). Liars: It Takes One to Know One. Scientific American. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/liars-it-takes-one-to-know-one/
Lonardo, L., Völter, C. J., Lamm, C., & Huber, L. (2021). Dogs follow human misleading suggestions more often when the informant has a false belief. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288(1955), 20210906. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.0906
Yirka, B. (2021, July 27). Dogs can tell when people are lying to them, study finds. Phys.org; Phys.org. https://phys.org/news/2021-07-dogs-people-lying.html
The tallest mountains on neutron stars may be less than a millimeter high by Briana Brownell
A bug’s life: millimetre-tall mountains on neutron stars. (2021). The Royal Astronomical Society. https://ras.ac.uk/news-and-press/research-highlights/bugs-life-millimetre-tall-mountains-neutron-stars
https://www.facebook.com/spacecom. (2009, May 18). Neutron Star Crust Is Stronger than Steel. Space.com; Space. https://www.space.com/6682-neutron-star-crust-stronger-steel.html
Baker, H. (2021, July 21). Neutron star “mountains” may be blocking our view of mysterious gravitational waves. Livescience.com; Live Science. https://www.livescience.com/millimeter-tall-neutron-star-mountains.html
Gittins, F., Andersson, N., & Jones, D. I. (2020). Modelling neutron star mountains. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 500(4), 5570–5582. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa3635
Learn why phonics is the best way to teach kids to read; and how false science benefits from people who “trust science.” Plus: this month’s Curiosity Challenge trivia game!
Additional resources from Emily Oster:
Pick up “The Family Firm: A Data-Driven Guide to Better Decision Making in the Early Years” at your local bookstore: https://www.indiebound.org/book/9781984881755?aff=penguinrandom
“Trusting science” may make you more likely to share false science — but there’s a fix by Grant Currin
Misplaced trust: When trust in science fosters pseudoscience. (2021, July 26). EurekAlert! https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/923454
O’Brien, T. C., Palmer, R., & Albarracin, D. (2021). Misplaced trust: When trust in science fosters belief in pseudoscience and the benefits of critical evaluation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 96, 104184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2021.104184
Episodes referenced in Curiosity Challenge Trivia game:
Kids don’t get humor: https://www.curiositydaily.com/kids-v-sarcasm-24000-year-old-worm-why-betelgeuse-dimmed/
Glowing clouds: https://www.curiositydaily.com/cognitive-flexibility-arctic-dinosaurs-noctilucent-clouds/
Guilty emotion: https://www.curiositydaily.com/anger-looks-guilty-quantum-microscope-good-news-about-cancer/
Learn how parents can get smarter about making big decisions, with author Emily Oster; and electron-capture supernovas.
Observation of a new type of supernova sheds light on a famous supernova from 1054 AD by Briana Brownell
Scientists spotted an electron-capture supernova for the first time. (2021, July). Science News. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/supernova-electron-capture-space-astronomy-physics
A star in a distant galaxy blew up in a powerful explosion, solving an astronomical mystery. (2021). EurekAlert! https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-07/tu-asi071421.php
Hiramatsu, D., Howell, D. A., Van Dyk, S. D., Goldberg, J. A., Maeda, K., Moriya, T. J., Tominaga, N., Nomoto, K., Hosseinzadeh, G., Arcavi, I., McCully, C., Burke, J., Bostroem, K. A., Valenti, S., Dong, Y., Brown, P. J., Andrews, J. E., Bilinski, C., Williams, G. G., & Smith, P. S. (2021). The electron-capture origin of supernova 2018zd. Nature Astronomy. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41550-021-01384-2
Learn why self-control isn’t always good for you; why you can’t win an argument using facts; and what SETI is looking for.
More from Dr. Steven Novella:
The Skeptics’ Guide to the Universe http://www.theskepticsguide.org/
New England Skeptical Society http://www.theness.com/
NeuroLogica blog http://theness.com/neurologicablog/
Steven Novella faculty bio https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/steven_novella/
More from Seth Shostak:
Seth Shostak’s Website http://sethshostak.com/
Follow @SethShostak on Twitter https://twitter.com/SethShostak
Big Picture Science: The radio show and podcast of the SETI Institute, with Seth Shostak http://bigpicturescience.org/
To learn more about motivated reasoning and how we think, read “The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion” by Jonathan Haidt: https://www.amazon.com/Righteous-Mind-Divided-Politics-Religion/dp/0307455777
The stories in this episode originally aired July 8, 2018 “SETI on How We Search for Aliens (w/ Seth Shostak), Facts Don’t Win Arguments, Self-Control, and The Red Baron” https://omny.fm/shows/curiosity-daily/seti-on-how-we-search-for-aliens-w-seth-shostak-fa
Learn how Seabed 2030 will map the ocean floor; how our cells make soap; and how crows understand the concept of zero.
More than half of Earth’s surface is unmapped, but Seabed 2030 aims to map it by 2030 by Grant Currin
Jacobs, F. (2021, July 19). More than half the world is still unmapped — but not for long. Big Think; Big Think. https://bigthink.com/strange-maps/seabed-2030
Amos, J. (2020, June 20). One-fifth of Earth’s ocean floor is now mapped. BBC News; BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-53119686
Berman, R. (2020, December 2). Stanford engineers develop new light and sound tech to finally map the ocean floor. Big Think; Big Think. https://bigthink.com/technology-innovation/underwater-stanford-engineering
Frequently asked questions. (2017). The Nippon Foundation-GEBCO Seabed 2030 Project. https://seabed2030.org/faq
GEBCO project history. (2016). GEBCO. https://www.gebco.net/about_us/project_history/
Mayer, L., Jakobsson, M., Allen, G., Dorschel, B., Falconer, R., Ferrini, V., Lamarche, G., Snaith, H., & Weatherall, P. (2018). The Nippon Foundation—GEBCO Seabed 2030 Project: The Quest to See the World’s Oceans Completely Mapped by 2030. Geosciences, 8(2), 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8020063
Our cells make their own soap to kill bacteria by Grant Currin
Human cells harness power of detergents to wipe out bacteria. (2021, July 15). EurekAlert! https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/654392
Gaudet, R. G., Zhu, S., Halder, A., Kim, B.-H., Bradfield, C. J., Huang, S., Xu, D., Mamiñska, A., Nguyen, T. N., Lazarou, M., Karatekin, E., Gupta, K., & MacMicking, J. D. (2021). A human apolipoprotein L with detergent-like activity kills intracellular pathogens. Science, 373(6552), eabf8113. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abf8113
Shi En Kim. (2021, July 20). Human Cells Ward Off Bacterial Invaders With a Protein That Behaves Like Soap. Smithsonian Magazine; Smithsonian Magazine. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/human-cells-ward-bacterial-invaders-protein-behaves-soap-180978237/
Crows understand the concept of zero by Cameron Duke
Kirschhock, M. E., Ditz, H. M., & Nieder, A. (2021). Behavioral and Neuronal Representation of Numerosity Zero in the Crow. The Journal of Neuroscience, 41(22), 4889–4896. https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.0090-21.2021
Nicoletta Lanese. (2021, June 14). Crows understand the “concept of zero” (despite their bird brains). Livescience.com; Live Science. https://www.livescience.com/crows-understand-concept-of-zero.html
Szalay, J. (2017, September 18). Who Invented Zero? Livescience.com; Live Science. https://www.livescience.com/27853-who-invented-zero.html
I love this podcast. Perfect for short bursts of idle time I want to make interesting and productive, and the variety is a perfect balance of hard science and more "life hack" type stuff. Cody and Ashley have great chemistry and bring the laughs while NOT wasting time with a ton of incessant banter like so many other shows. If I had kids, I'd make them listen with me (and they'd love it)!
The award-winning Curiosity Daily podcast from Curiosity.com will help you get smarter about the world around you — every day. In less than 10 minutes, you’ll get a unique mix of research-based life hacks, the latest science and technology news, and more. Discovery’s Cody Gough and Ashley Hamer will help you learn about your mind and body, outer space and the depths of the sea, and how history shaped the world into what it is today.
Podcast hosts use Anatomy to get constructive comments on their show from other podcasters.